UVic project sheds light on ocean dead zones

Researchers collecting samples at various depths of Saanich Inlet

  • Nov. 24, 2016 7:00 a.m.

Undergraduate Erinn Raftery and UVic researcher Jeff Sorensen adjust the equipment used to collect water samples in Saanich Inlet.

Oceanographers from around the world are hoping to learn more about the science of “dead zones,” thanks to a University of Victoria-led research project currently taking place in Saanich Inlet.

Every two weeks since September, a research team on the UVic research vessel MSV John Strickland has been venturing into the inlet to collect water samples at various depths – roughly 300 litres per day – to measure the levels of everything from dissolved gases and trace metals to phytoplankton and microbes.

Saanich Inlet is a deep glacial fjord separated from adjacent waters by a shallow sill that restricts water inflow. It’s widely known as a natural laboratory for studies of “anoxic” or dead zones, areas in the ocean that are devoid of oxygen and marine life. The only lifeforms that can exist there are bacteria.

“The inlet is a natural dead zone, meaning it has low to no oxygen content for most of the year,” says UVic postdoctoral researcher Jeff Sorensen. “We’re seeing dead zones expanding around the world, and that changes what species are able to live there, including a lot of fish and shellfish that people depend on to eat.”

While Saanich Inlet remains anoxic for much of the year, every fall water flows in over the sill and replenishes the oxygen supply. Marine life flourishes for a few months, but wanes again as the water’s oxygen content gets used up.

“We know there’s a cascade of chemical reactions that happen as the oxygen is used up,” says Sorensen. “We want to see how these reactions evolve over time and how they interact with each other.”

Although the inlet’s anoxic conditions have been well-studied in the summer months, little work has been done in the winter. This project, which runs until next May, marks the first time that a wide range of measurements are being taken over the duration of the oxygen depletion process.

About 30 researchers from UVic are involved, as well as scientists from Fisheries and Oceans Canada in Sidney and UVic’s Ocean Networks Canada, which is also providing real-time data in between research cruises from an instrument connected to its first internet-connected subsea observatory, installed in the inlet in 2006. The water samples are being collected close to that instrument.

International scientific interest in the project is broad, with 20 research groups from Switzerland, Ireland, England, Spain, Brazil, the U.S. and elsewhere in Canada signed on for water samples. “These are all world experts in their field who don’t have easy access to a natural dead zone like this,” says Sorensen.

The project is funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.

 

Just Posted

Canada Women’s Rugby 7s Team land at home after series triumph

Next stop at Langford offers Olympic qualification

Saanich soccer player survives bout with flesh eating disease

Harinder Sandhu picked up the disease after soccer game

Two-sailing waits continue Victoria to Tsawwassen

Backlog continues despite extra sailings over Easter

Second earthquake in less than two hours strikes off Vancouver Island

The first earthquake happened at 1:27 p.m., the second at 2:44 p.m.

PHOTOS: Green Party Leader Elizabeth May says ‘I do’ on Earth Day

May and John Kidder got married Monday morning in Victoria

Homeless activists outside Notre Dame demand ‘a roof too’

Wealthy people have donated millions to effort to rebuild cathedral after devastating fire

United Way opens grants to help charities tackle social issues

Charities north of the Malahat can apply for grants $2,000 to $20,000

POLL: How often does your family use BC Ferries?

Navigating the lineups for BC Ferries is a way of life for… Continue reading

Crime Stoppers most wanted for Greater Victoria for the week of April 16

Greater Victoria Crime Stoppers is seeking the public’s help in locating the… Continue reading

Sri Lanka invokes war-time military powers after nearly 300 killed in Easter bombings

Sri Lanka’s minister of tourism says 39 foreign tourists were killed in the Easter Sunday attacks

Man’s body found in popular Cowichan Valley hiking area

Police say death not suspicious after discovery in Stoney Hill area overlooking Saltspring Island

Multiple sailing waits as BC Ferries deals with Easter Monday traffic

89 extra sailings had been added to the long weekend schedule

Vancouver Island-based company provides glass alternatives to plastic straws

Enviro Glass Straws now producing more than 60,000 straws each year

Most Read